The Cadillac Escalade is a vehicle belonging to the category of SUV (sports utility vehicle) sold by the luxury brand of General Motors , Cadillac . This is the first Cadillac brand vehicle on the recreational vehicle market. The Escalade was introduced in 1998 , in response to German and Japanese competitors , and the Lincoln Navigator of the Ford brand , released the same year. The Rock Climb is built in Arlington , Texas .
The Cadillac Escalade is based on the GMC Yukon and Chevrolet Tahoe , different from the latter by the front. It was replaced in 2001 to be tuned to the new Cadillac style .
The Cadillac Escalade ESV (luxurious variation of the Chevrolet Suburban ) and Escalade EXT ( pickup luxurious twin of the Chevrolet Avalanche ) are the only vehicles Cadillac with the old Cadillac BLS to be built outside the United States , in Silao, Mexico .
First generation (1998-2001)
The first Escalade that was released in late 1998 was very similar to the GMC Yukon’s Denali (luxurious) finish, which he shared with all the exterior elements, which were different from the usual versions of the GMC Yukon and the Chevrolet Tahoe . Even the rims were identical! Given his obvious lack of personality to stand out from his too close cousins, Cadillac renewed it in early 2001.
A single engine fitted the Escalade:
V8 5.7 L 255 ch. with a four-speed auto box.
It was only available with all-wheel drive .
Second generation (2001-2006)
In 2001 , the Escalade underwent a complete overhaul, differentiating it a little more from the GMC Yukon and the Chevrolet Tahoe thanks to a huge chrome grille and specific front lights. During this second generation, two new versions appeared: the EXT pickup and the extra-long ESV version.
Note that this generation of Escalade was officially imported by Cadillac France from mid-2005 until the end of 2006 as a short version with the most powerful engine.
Three gasoline engines equipped the second generation of Escalade:
V8 5.3 L 285 ea. (2001-2004).
V8 5.3 L 295 ea. (2004-2006).
V8 6.0 L 345 ea. (2001-2006).
These engines were only available in a four-speed auto box. It existed with all-wheel drive , but also in propulsion for the North American market.
Third generation (2006- 2014)
In 2006 a new generation of Escalade was born at the same time as his cousins Chevrolet Tahoe and GMC Yukon . The standard version is also accompanied by a long ESV version and a new EXT pickup. The third generation of Escalade was the official Super Bowl XL vehicle . It is also marketed in Europe since the end of 2006, only in short version.
Cadillac commercialized the hybrid version of its Escalade at the end of 2008 in North America. It saves up to 30% of fuel, especially in the city.
It exists with a gasoline engine and a hybrid gasoline + electricity engine:
V8 6.2 L 409 ea. Essence. (2006-). This engine can run at E85 .
V8 6.0 L 332 ea. Hybrid. (2008 / 2009-).
These engines are available with a six-speed automatic gearbox in two or four-wheel drive.